Pancreatic Cancer Vaccine

Pancreatic cancer is the deadliest of cancers, with few treatment options. Now, an mRNA vaccine treatment, called autogene cevumeran, that is tailored to each individual’s cancer has produced promising results in a small initial trial.

In the trial, 16 people were given the vaccine around nine weeks after having an operation to remove their tumours. In eight, the vaccine didn’t elicit an effective immune response and their cancers returned. But in the other eight, the vaccine resulted in a good response and they remained cancer-free 18 months later. The results were announced by the vaccine’s developer, BioNTech, on 5 June.

This is a very small initial trial. Larger and longer trials will be needed to confirm the result. The trial only involved people whose cancers were detected early enough that they could undergo an operation to remove tumours before they spread to other parts of the body. Only around 10 per cent of people are diagnosed at this stage, says Chris Macdonald, head of research at charity Pancreatic Cancer UK. In other words, even if larger trials confirm these initial results, it remains to be seen if this vaccine can help people with more advanced pancreatic cancer – though that is, of course, the hope.

The problem is that the symptoms of pancreatic cancer are vague, says Macdonald. By the time it is detected, 70 per cent of people are so ill that it is too late for any treatment.

Source: https://www.newscientist.com/

Emergency Use Authorization of the J&J Covid Vaccine is Imminent

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is getting a lot of people excited. Not only is it another potential option to protect more people from COVID-19, but their vaccine is only one dose, making it a lot easier to reach a broad swath of the population.

In Orange County, the fourth-highest county in the state for vaccine distribution, more than 82,000 initial doses have gone out. Across the sunshine state, more than 1.6 million Floridians have received at least their first dose with nearly 300,000 having completed their vaccine series. Nationwide, the U.S. is inching closer toward 30 million Americans having received at least one dose of the vaccine to protect them against COVID-19.

Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine isn’t approved just yet but it is expected to become  the third vaccine for roll out across the country. With just a single dose needed, health leaders say this could be a game changer.  Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine is only 66 percent effective compared to the 90 plus efficacy rate of both Pfizer and Moderna’s vaccine. However, health leaders stress that data is still promising. And Johnson & Johnson’s doses can remain stable for two years at -4 degree temperatures or at least three months when stored at 36 to 46 degree (8 degree  Celsius) temperatures.

Johnson & Johnson say they have product ready to ship out immediately pending approvals. They’re expected to file for emergency use authorization for their vaccine early February.

https://www.baynews9.com/