News of the week (2018)

 Institute of Science and Technology Austria August 18th, 2018 Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and certain color effects are impossible to achieve. The natural world, however, also exhibits structural coloration, where the microstructure of an object causes various colors to appear. Peacock feathers, for instance, are pigmented brown, but–because of long hollows within the feathers–reflect the gorgeous, iridescent blues and greens we see and admire. Recent advances in technology have made it practical to fabricate the kind of nanostructures that result in structural coloration, and computer scientists from the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) and the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) have now created a computational tool that automatically creates 3D-print templates for nanostructures that correspond to user-defined colors. Their work demonstrates the great potential for structural coloring in industry, and opens up possibilities for non-experts to create their own designs. This project will be presented at this year’s top computer graphics conference, SIGGRAPH 2018, by first author and IST Austria postdoc Thomas Auzinger. This is one of five IST Austria presentations at the conference this year.

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz August 20th, 2018 The transition from light bulbs to LEDs has drastically cut the amount of electricity we use for lighting. Most of the electricity consumed by incandescent bulbs was, after all, dissipated as heat. We may now be on the verge of a comparable breakthrough in electronic computer components. Up to now, these have been run on electricity, generating unwanted heat. If spin current were employed instead, computers and similar devices could be operated in a much more energy-efficient manner. Dr. Olena Gomonay from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany and her team together with Professor Eiji Saitoh from the Advanced Institute for Materials Research (AIMR) at Tohoku University in Japan and his work group have nowdiscovered an effect that could make such a transition to spin current a reality. This effect significantly simplifies the design of fundamental spintronic components.

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz August 21st, 2018 Nanosized magnetic particles called skyrmions are considered highly promising candidates for new data storage and information technologies. Now, physicists have revealed new behavior involving the antiparticle equivalent of skyrmions in a ferromagnetic material. The researchers demonstrated their findings using advanced computer simulations that can accurately model magnetic properties of nanometer-thick materials. The results, which were obtained by scientists at Uppsala University in Sweden, at Kiel University and Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany, and at Université Paris-Saclay in France, were recently published in Nature Electronics.

Georgia State University August 21st, 2018 The critical, structural changes that enveloped viruses, such as HIV, Ebola and influenza, undergo before invading host cells have been revealed by scientists using nano-infrared spectroscopic imaging, according to a study led by Georgia State University and the University of Georgia.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) August 22nd, 2018 Nanoparticle manufacturing, the production of material units less than 100 nanometers in size (100,000 times smaller than a marble), is proving the adage that “good things come in small packages.” Today’s engineered nanoparticles are integral components of everything from the quantum dot nanocrystals coloring the brilliant displays of state-of-the-art televisions to the miniscule bits of silver helping bandages protect against infection. However, commercial ventures seeking to profit from these tiny building blocks face quality control issues that, if unaddressed, can reduce efficiency, increase production costs and limit commercial impact of the products that incorporate them.

Virginia Tech August 23rd, 2018 Researchers from Virginia Tech and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have developed a novel way to 3D print complex objects of one of the highest-performing materials used in the battery and aerospace industries.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) August 24th, 2018 In a marriage of quantum science and solid-state physics, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have used magnetic fields to confine groups of electrons to a series of concentric rings within graphene, a single layer of tightly packed carbon atoms.

Purdue Research Foundation August 24th, 2018 Silvaco Inc., Purdue University and Purdue Research Foundation announced Friday (Aug. 24) the formation of an innovative partnership aimed at extending Moore’s law by modeling and simulating transistors and new memory technologies that approach atomistic scale in next generation semiconductor processes and materials.

Rice University August 24th, 2018 Here’s one way to fit a square peg into a round hole. First, according to Rice University engineers, get a nanotube hole. Then insert water. If the nanotube is just the right width, the water molecules will align into a square rod. Rice materials scientist Rouzbeh Shahsavari and his team used molecular models to demonstrate their theory that weak van der Waals forces between the inner surface of the nanotube and the water molecules are strong enough to snap the oxygen and hydrogen atoms into place.

World Scientific August 24th, 2018 In a paper published in NANO, a group of researchers have developed a simple flame burning method to prepare single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) sponges on a large scale. The SWNT sponge has multifunctional properties and can be used in the fields of cleaning-up, sensing and energy storage.

 

McGill University August 13th, 2018 New technology developed by a team of McGill University scientists shows potential to streamline the analysis of proteins, offering a quick, high volume and cost-effective tool to hospitals and research labs alike.

Graphene Flagship August 14th, 2018 •Partners of the European Project ‘Graphene Flagship’ at the University of Strasbourg and CNRS (France), together with an international team of collaborators, created new ‘switches’ that respond to light. •Researchers combined light-sensitive molecules with layers graphene and other 2D materials to create new devices that could be used in sensors, optoelectronics and flexible devices. •The study, recently published in Nature Communications, may lead to a variety of programmable applications in the next generations of smart electronics.

CTI Materials LLC August 15th, 2018  The patented technology has applications in many fields: sensors, biomedical, energy, smart textiles, flexible electronics, advanced materials, conductive and transparent conductive inks, films, coatings, composites, EMI shielding and many more.

University of Exeter August 15th, 2018 A new uncertainty relation, linking the precision with which temperature can be measured and quantum mechanics, has been discovered at the University of Exeter.

Rice University August 15th, 2018 Oil and water tend to separate, but they mix well enough to form stable oil-in-water emulsions in produced water from oil reservoirs to become a problem. Rice University scientists have developed a nanoparticle-based solution that reliably removes more than 99 percent of the emulsified oil that remains after other processing is done.

University of Minnesota August 15th, 2018 Researchers from the University of Minnesota (UMN) have developed a method to screen and identify harmful or antibiotic-resistant bacteria within one hour using a portable luminometer. Traditional diagnostic methods often require complex equipment and lab work that can take days. The new method uses chemiluminescence, or the emission of light during a chemical reaction. It was developed with the food industry in mind and could also be used in healthcare settings.

ITMO University August 16th, 2018 An international team of scientists developed the world’s first antilaser for nonlinear Bose-Einstein condensate of ultracold atoms. For the first time, scientists demonstrated that it is possible to absorb the selected signal completely, even though the nonlinear system makes it difficult to predict the waves behaviour. The results can be used to manipulate superfluid flows, create atomic lasers, and also study nonlinear optical systems. The study was published in Science Advances.

Global Research Center for Quantum Information Science National Institute of Informatics August 17th, 2018 Ant-Man knows–the quantum realm holds shocking revelations and irrational solutions. Taking a page from the Marvel Universe, researchers based at the National Institute of Informatics (NII) in Tokyo, Japan, designed a more efficient quantum transport system by adding even more noise to it.

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) August 17th, 2018 At Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), physicist Professor Thomas Schimmel and his team have developed a single-atom transistor, the smallest transistor worldwide. This quantum electronics component switches electrical current by controlled repositioning of a single atom, now also in the solid state in a gel electrolyte. The single-atom transistor works at room temperature and consumes very little energy, which opens up entirely new perspectives for information technology. The transistor is presented in Advanced Materials (DOI: 10.1002/adma.201801225).

University of Virginia August 17th, 2018 University of Virginia mechanical engineers and materials scientists, in collaboration with materials scientists at Penn State, the University of Maryland and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, have invented a “switching effect” for thermal conductivity and mechanical properties that can be incorporated into the fabrication of materials including textiles and garments.

University of Illinois College of Engineering August 17th, 2018 When the good and bad bacteria in our mouth become imbalanced, the bad bacteria form a biofilm (aka plaque), which can cause cavities, and if left untreated over time, can lead to cardiovascular and other inflammatory diseases like diabetes and bacterial pneumonia.

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne August 7th, 2018 In recent years optical fibers have served as sensors to detect changes in temperature, like a thermometer, and pressure, like an artificial nerve. This technique is particularly useful in structures such as bridges and gas pipelines.

University of Pennsylvania August 8th, 2018 Combine a diet high in sugar with poor oral hygiene habits and dental cavities, or caries, will likely result. The sugar triggers the formation of an acidic biofilm, known as plaque, on the teeth, eroding the surface. Early childhood caries is a severe form of tooth decay that affects one in every four children in the United States and hundreds of millions more globally. It’s a particularly severe problem in underprivileged populations.

Brookhaven National Laboratory August 8th, 2018 Scientists have discovered that the electrical resistance of a copper-oxide compound depends on the magnetic field in a very unusual way—a finding that could help direct the search for materials that can perfectly conduct electricity at room temperature.

American Chemical Society August 8th, 2018 A new way of envisioning the synthesis of nanomaterials and the concept of using light as fuel for space travel will be the topics of a pair of Kavli Lectures at the 256th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world’s largest scientific society. The meeting will take place Aug. 19-23 in Boston.

EMPA August 9th, 2018 A material that consists of atoms of a single element, but has completely different properties depend-ing on the atomic arrangement – this may sound strange, but is actually reality with graphene nano-ribbons. The ribbons, which are only a few carbon atoms wide and exactly one atom thick, have very different electronic properties depending on their shape and width: conductor, semiconductor or insu-lator. An international research team led by Empa’s «nanotech@surfaces».

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory August 9th, 2018 A team led by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) found a way to make a liquid-like state behave more like a solid, and then to reverse the process.

Yale University and National University of Singapore August 10th, 2018 Yale-NUS Associate Professor of Science (Physics) Shaffique Adam is the lead author for a recent work that describes a model for electron interaction in Dirac materials, a class of materials that includes graphene and topological insulators, solving a 65-year-old open theoretical problem in the process. The discovery will help scientists better understand electron interaction in new materials, paving the way for developing advanced electronics such as faster processors. The work was published in the peer-reviewed academic journal Science on 10 August 2018.

ETH Zurich Department of Physics August 10th, 2018 From everyday experience we know that metals are good conductors for both electricity and heat — think inductive cooking or electronic devices warming up upon intense use. That intimate link of heat and electrical transport is no coincidence. In typical metals both sorts of conductivity arise from the flow of ‘free’ electrons, which move like a gas of independent particles through the material. But when fermionic carriers such as electrons interact with one another, then unexpected phenomena can arise, as Dominik Husmann, Laura Corman and colleagues in the group of Tilman Esslinger in the Department of Physics at ETH Zurich — in collaboration with Jean-Philippe Brantut at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) — report in a paper published this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Studying heat and particle conduction in a systems of strongly interacting fermionic atoms they found a range of puzzling behaviours that set this system apart from known systems in which the two forms of transport are coupled.

Science China Press August 10th, 2018 Over hundreds of millions of years of evolution, the magical nature has given birth to a myriad of biological materials which serve either as the skeletons of the organisms or as defensive or offensive weapons. Although these natural structural materials are derived from relatively sterile natural components, such as fragile minerals and ductile biopolymers, they often exhibit extraordinary mechanical properties due to their highly ordered hierarchical structures and sophisticated interfacial design. Therefore, they are always the main object for researchers to investigate and imitate aiming to create advanced artificial structural materials.

Science China Press August 10th, 2018 In the past century, superconductivity has been observed in thousands of substances with multifarious chemical compositions and crystal structures; however, researchers have still not found an explicit method for discovering new superconductors. For the unconventional high-Tc superconductors of cuprates and iron pnictides/chalcogenides, the occurrence of superconductivity is highly related to the existence of some certain quasi-two-dimensional structural motifs, e.g., the CuO2 planes or the Fe2As2/Fe2Se2 layers. Thus, low dimensionality has generally been considered as a favorable ingredient for exotic electron pairing due to the enhancement of electronic correlations. While among the quasi-one-dimensional (Q1D) compounds, only a few compounds were found to be superconducting at considerably low temperatures of several degrees Kelvin.

Vienna University of Technology August 10th, 2018 They not only impress due to their radiant and intense colour, they also have an important technological significance: organic dyes are a class of materials with extremely special properties. From flat screens to electronic paper through to chip cards: in future, many technologies are likely to be based on organic molecules like these.

SEMI July 30th, 2018 With advanced materials now a critical enabler of semiconductor growth applications, the stage is set for Strategic Materials Conference (SMC 2018), the premier event offering the latest market insights into drivers of advanced materials in the microelectronics supply chain. SMC – September 24-26, 2018, in San Jose, California – will highlight opportunities and demand for key enabling materials in big data, artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles, IoT and industrial automation and other industry growth drivers.

Tokyo Institute of Technology August 2nd, 2018 Scientists have developed the world’s best-performing pure spin current source made of bismuth-antimony (BiSb) alloys, which they report as the best candidate for the first industrial application of topological insulators. The achievement represents a big step forward in the development of spin-orbit torque magnetoresistive random-access memory (SOT-MRAM)[3] devices with the potential to replace existing memory technologies.

Nanometrics Incorporated August 2nd, 2018 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ: NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control solutions, announced that it has delivered its 100th Atlas® III system for advanced process control metrology. The Atlas III is deployed in advanced memory and logic device manufacturers utilizing Nanometrics proprietary analysis software including NanoDiffract® and SpectraProbe™. With its proprietary combination of spectroscopic ellipsometry with full Mueller Matrix capability and broadband reflectometer, the Atlas III provides industry-leading performance and cost of ownership.

Leti August 2nd, 2018 Leti, a research institute at CEA Tech, and CMP, a service organization that provides prototyping and low-volume production of ICs and MEMS, today announced the integrated-circuit industry’s first multi-project-wafer (MPW) process for fabricating emerging non-volatile memory OxRAM devices on a 200mm foundry base-wafer platform.

American Chemical Society August 2nd, 2018 The profound impact of nanoscience and chemistry on the future of healthcare will be explored in the opening session of the American Chemical Society’s (ACS’) 256th National Meeting & Exposition, Aug. 19-23 in Boston. ACS President Peter K. Dorhout, Ph.D., is cosponsoring the session, which will set the stage for the meeting’s theme of “Nanoscience, Nanotechnology & Beyond.”

Rice University August 3rd, 2018 Rice University researchers have found that fracture-resistant “rebar graphene” is more than twice as tough as pristine graphene. Simulations show how carbon nanotubes can make graphene twice as tough by acting as reinforcement bars, like steel in concrete. Scientists at Brown University worked with experimentalists at Rice University to show how rebar helps bridge or redirect cracks in graphene under strain.

 

University of New South Wales July 16th, 2018 Australian scientists have achieved a new milestone in their approach to creating a quantum computer chip in silicon, demonstrating the ability to tune the control frequency of a qubit by engineering its atomic configuration. The work has been published in Science Advances.

Rice University July 17th, 2018 Borophene, the atomically flat form of boron with unique properties, is even more interesting when different forms of the material mix and mingle, according to scientists at Rice and Northwestern universities.

Far Eastern Federal University July 18th, 2018 Nanoparticles with a wide range of applying, including medicine, damage cells of microalgae Heterosigma akashivo badly. This algae species is widely spread in the Russian Far East marine area. The acute toxic effect exhibited at concentrations of 100 mg/l of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and silicon nanotubes (SiNTs) in the sea- or fresh water.

Sirrus, Inc. July 18th, 2018 Sirrus, Inc., the developer of a novel electron deficient monomer platform, is pleased to announce that it has been issued its 50th global patent, all relating to its 1,1-dicarbonyl substituted alkene monomer technology.

Ames Laboratory July 19th, 2018 For a long time, physicists have tried to understand the relationship between a periodic pattern of conduction electrons called a charge density wave (CDW), and another quantum order, superconductivity, or zero electrical resistance, in the same material. Do they compete? Co-exist? Co-operate? Do they go their separate ways?

Purdue University July 20th, 2018 This research describes a low-cost, scalable nanomanufacturing process that enables the continuous forming of thin metallic layers with nanoscale accuracy using roll-to-roll, laser-induced superplasticity (R2RLIS). R2RLIS uses a laser shock to induce the ultrahigh-strain-rate deformation of metallic films at room temperature into low-cost polymeric nanomolds, independently of the original grain size of the metal. This simple and inexpensive nanoforming method does not require access to cleanrooms and associated facilities, and can be easily implemented on conventional CO2 lasers, enabling laser systems commonly used for rapid prototyping or industrial cutting and engraving to fabricate uniform and three-dimensional crystalline metallic nanostructures over large areas.

Argonne National Laboratory July 20th, 2018 The properties of a solid depend on the arrangement of its atoms, which form a periodic crystal structure. At the nanoscale, arrangements that break this periodic structure can drastically alter the behavior of the material, but this is difficult to measure. Recent advances by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory are starting to unravel this mystery.

Purdue University July 20th, 2018  Levitated optomechanics has great potential in precision measurements, thermodynamics, macroscopic quantum mechanics, and quantum sensing. Here we synthesize and optically levitate silica nanodumbbells in high vacuum. With a linearly polarized laser, we observe the torsional vibration of an optically levitated nanodumbbell. This levitated nanodumbbell torsion balance is a novel analog of the Cavendish torsion balance, and provides rare opportunities to observe the Casimir torque and probe the quantum nature of gravity as proposed recently.

GLOBALFOUNDRIES July 9th, 2018 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced that the company’s 22nm FD-SOI (22FDX®) technology has delivered more than two billion dollars of client design win revenue. With more than 50 total client designs, 22FDX is proving to be the industry’s leading platform for power-optimized chips across a broad range of high-growth applications such as automotive, 5G connectivity and the Internet of Things (IoT).

University of Cincinnati July 10th, 2018 Engineers with the University of Cincinnati are leveraging a partnership with Wright-Patterson Air Force Base to create clothing that can charge your cell phone.

Leti July 11th, 2018 Leti, a research institute of CEA Tech, and Soitec, a world leader in designing and manufacturing innovative semiconductor materials, today announced a new collaboration and five-year partnership agreement to drive the R&D of advanced engineered substrates, including SOI and beyond. This agreement brings the traditional Leti-Soitec partnership to a whole new dimension and includes the launch of a world-class prototyping hub associating equipment partners to pioneer with new materials, The Substrate Innovation Center will feature access to shared Leti-Soitec expertise around a focused pilot line. Key benefits for partners include access to early exploratory sampling and prototyping, collaborative analysis, and early learning at the substrate level, eventually leading to streamlined product viability and roadmap planning at the system level.

George Washington University July 11th, 2018 Onychomycosis, a nail fungus that causes nail disfigurement, pain, and increased risk of soft tissue infection, impacts millions of people worldwide. There are several topical antifungal treatments currently available; however, treatment failure remains high due to a number of factors.

Nanometrics Incorporated July 12th, 2018 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, will release its second quarter financial results after market close on July 31, 2018. A conference call to discuss the results will be held at 4:30 PM ET.

Oxford Instruments NanoScience July 12th, 2018 Oxford Instruments is pleased to announce that it has recently commissioned a high field magnet system at Dr Isabel Guillamón’s laboratory at the Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM), Spain.

Leti July 12th, 2018 Leti, a research institute of CEA Tech, and Oscaro, a leading European e-business company that specializes in the sale of new and genuine automotive parts, announced during Leti Innovation Days that Oscaro will develop Leti’s new Foxy technology to track millions of parcels shipped to customers by e-business.

Tokyo Institute of Technology July 13th, 2018 Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology have developed a ruthenium-based perovskite catalyst[1] that shows strong activity even at low temperatures (down to 313 K). The reusable catalyst does not require additives, meaning that it can prevent the formation of toxic by-products. The oxidation of sulfides is a commercially important process with broad applications ranging from chemicals production to environmental management.

University of Maryland Baltimore County July 13th, 2018 Blast trauma, such as from injuries sustained during combat, can lead to internal bleeding in major organs including the brain. Currently, there are no treatments available to address internal bleeding in the field but early intervention is key or survival and better outcomes.

Chinese Academy of Sciences July 13th, 2018 Kirigami (also called “paper-cuts” or “jianzhi”) is one of the most traditional Chinese folk arts. It is widely used in window decorations, gift cards, festivals, and ceremonies, etc. Kirigami involves cutting and folding flat objects into 3D shapes. Recently, the techniques of this ancient art have been used in various scientific and technological fields, including designs for solar arrays, biomedical devices and micro-/nano- electromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS).

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) June 30th, 2018 Invigorating the idea of computers based on fluids instead of silicon, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have shown how computational logic operations could be performed in a liquid medium by simulating the trapping of ions (charged atoms) in graphene (a sheet of carbon atoms) floating in saline solution. The scheme might also be used in applications such as water filtration, energy storage or sensor technology. NIST simulation of ion trapping in a saline solution with a graphene membrane (turquoise) containing oxygen-lined pores (red) that trap potassium ions (grey) but not chlorine ions (blue). Ion trapping prevents penetration of additional ions through the membrane. Such a setup might be used for computing in a liquid medium. Credit: NIST

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. July 1st, 2018  Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today will present preclinical and initial clinical data on ARO-AAT, the company’s second generation subcutaneously administered RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutic being developed as a treatment for a rare genetic liver disease associated with alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency, at the Alpha-1 National Education Conference in San Francisco. These results represent the first human data derived from Arrowhead’s pipeline of RNAi therapeutics that leverage its proprietary Targeted RNAi Molecules (TRiM™) platform.

ETH Zurich Department of Physics July 2nd, 2018 The field of quantum science and technology experiences an ever-intensifying flurry of activity. The headlines are currently dominated by reports on progress towards building quantum computers that outperform their classical counterparts at specific computational tasks. A key challenge in that quest is to increase the quality and number of basic building blocks — known as quantum bits, or qubits — that can be connected to perform collectively quantum computations. The benchmark where a ‘quantum advantage’ is expected to emerge is at 50 or so qubits, and that goal is coming into sight. Pursuing a different route, a team including ETH physicists Andrey Lebedev and Gianni Blatter, together with colleagues in Finland and Russia, highlight another branch of technology where quantum devices promise unique benefits, and that with considerably more modest hardware resources. Writing in the journal npj Quantum Information, the team presents experiments in which they used a single qubit to measure magnetic fields with high sensitivity, employing ‘quantum trickery’ to push the limits.

SUNY Polytechnic Institute July 3rd, 2018 NY Nanotech Summit, Co-Organized by AIM Photonics and CMPUG, with Prominent NY Tech Pavilion, to Highlight Innovation-Based Business Growth Opportunities in New York State.

Eindhoven University of Technology July 3rd, 2018 The human body is an extremely complex molecular machine, the details of which can be followed through certain substances; so-called biomarkers. Unfortunately, it is not yet possible to monitor biomarkers live in patients when these are present in minuscule concentrations. Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology have now developed a new technique that can become the plain and simple solution for the live and super-sensitive monitoring of biomarkers. They report on it in Nature Communications.

Leti July 5th, 2018 Leti, a research institute at CEA Tech, Transdev, a leading global provider of mobility services, and IRT Nanoelec, an R&D center focused on information and communication technologies (ICT) using micro- and nanoelectronics, today announced a pilot program to characterize and assess LiDAR sensors to improve performance and safety of autonomous vehicles.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign July 6th, 2018 The inner workings of high-power electronic devices must remain cool to operate reliably. High internal temperatures can make programs run slower, freeze or shut down. Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and The University of Texas, Dallas have collaborated to optimize the crystal-growing process of boron arsenide – a material that has excellent thermal properties and can effectively dissipate the heat generated in electronic devices.

Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences June 17th, 2018 Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a new technique to squeeze infrared light into ultra-confined spaces, generating an intense, nanoscale antenna that could be used to detect single biomolecules.

Duke University June 26th, 2018 The last 10 years have seen a surge in the use of tiny substances called nanomaterials in agrochemicals like pesticides and fungicides. The idea is to provide more disease protection and better yields for crops, while decreasing the amount of toxins sprayed on agricultural fields.

Purdue University June 26th, 2018 Purdue University researchers have developed a large-scale manufacturing process that may change the way some grocery store foods are packaged.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. June 27th, 2018 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that the European Medicines Agency (EMA) Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP) issued a positive opinion on Arrowhead’s application for orphan designation of its RNAi

Deben June 27th, 2018 Deben, a leading provider of in-situ testing stages together with innovative accessories and components for electron microscopy, reports on how the University of Tsukuba team of Professor Jun-Ichi Fujita have developed a method to visualise local fields at relatively low beam voltages using the Deben ARM2-STEM detector.

Northwestern University June 27th, 2018 DNA is certainly the basis of life. Soon it might also be the basis of your electronic devices.

JST Manufacturing Inc June 27th, 2018 Cleaning, an integral part of many manufacturing and maintenance processes, is often critical to the performance of a broad range of technologies in the semiconductor, defense, MEMS, photonics and biotech industries.

World Scientific June 27th, 2018 Recent research published in a paper in NANO by a group of researchers from Northeastern University investigate the effect of hierarchical Bi2MoO6 nanosheet arrays growing on three-dimensional Ni foam synthesized by one-step template-free route. The obtained BNAs used directly as binder-free integrated electrode for Li-ion batteries (LIBs) exhibits a super high reversible discharge capacity of 2311.7 μAh/cm2, and an excellent cycle stability.

GLOBALFOUNDRIES June 28th, 2018 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced that Socionext Inc. will manufacture the third and latest generation of its graphics display controllers, the SC1701, on GF’s 55nm Low Power Extended (55LPx) process technology with embedded non-volatile memory (SuperFlash®). The 55LPx platform enables several new features in Socionext’s SC1701 series including enhanced diagnostic and security protection capabilities, cyclic redundancy code (CRC) checks, picture freeze detection, and multi window signature unit for advanced in-vehicle display systems. The shipping of the SC1701 from Socionext will start at the end of July.

Nanometrics Incorporated June 28th, 2018 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced that company management will participate in the 10th Annual CEO Investor Summit, taking place Wednesday, July 11th, 2018 in San Francisco, California.

Forschungszentrum Juelich June 28th, 2018 These objects, which are referred to as “chiral magnetic bobbers”, are three-dimensional magnetic structures that appear near the surfaces of certain alloys.

CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES HEADQUARTERS June 28th, 2018 Simultaneous high strength and large ductility are always desirable for metallic materials. However, while the strength of metals and alloys can be easily increased by 5-15 times through simple plastic deformation or grain refinement down to the nano-scale, the gain in strength is usually accompanied by a drastic loss of uniform ductility. Ductility depends strongly on the work hardening ability, which becomes weak in materials with high strength, especially in a single-phase material.

 

Penn State June 17th, 2018 A biomimetic nanosystem can deliver therapeutic proteins to selectively target cancerous tumors, according to a team of Penn State researchers. Using a protein toxin called gelonin from a plant found in the Himalayan mountains, the researchers caged the proteins in self-assembled metal-organic framework (MOF) nanoparticles to protect them from the body’s immune system. To enhance the longevity of the drug in the bloodstream and to selectively target the tumor, the team cloaked the MOF in a coating made from cells from the tumor itself.

Los Alamos National Laboratory June 18th, 2018 Researchers at Los Alamos and partners in France and Germany are exploring the enhanced potential of carbon nanotubes as single-photon emitters for quantum information processing. Their analysis of progress in the field is published in this week’s edition of the journal Nature Materials.

SEMI June 19th, 2018 STMicroelectronics CEO Jean-Marc Chery and SEMI President and CEO Ajit Manocha will kick off the co-located SEMI-MEMS & Sensors Industry Group’s (SEMI-MSIG’s) European MEMS & Sensors Summit 2018 and European Imaging & Sensors Summit (September 19-21 in Grenoble, France). Global technology leaders will examine the influence of megatrends, such as artificial and autonomous intelligence, hyperscale data centers, cybersecurity, authentication, human-machine interface, and virtual reality/augmented reality (VR/AR) on MEMS, sensors and imaging. Speakers will also explore new platforms, models and materials that support the performance and volume requirements of tomorrow’s MEMS, sensors and imaging devices.

AIM Photonics June 19th, 2018 Program will develop a CMOS-compatible waveguide platform for integrating MWIR and LWIR laser sources into the offering of AIM Photonics.

JPK Instruments June 19th, 2018 JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, reports on the biomedical studies on living cells at the BioImaging Center Lille (BICeL) under the direction of Dr Frank Lafont using JPK’s NanoWizard® AFM systems

Cornell University June 20th, 2018 What do you call a materials science discovery that was given a major boost by a lecture from a Nobel laureate in chemistry, used cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-EM), and was pushed further along by a doctoral student’s thesis on machine learning?

University of Warwick June 22nd, 2018 •Breakthrough in description of metals in brain which may drive the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, made by international research collaboration, including University of Warwick •In brains affected by Alzheimer’s, researchers identify chemically reduced iron species, with mineral forms including a magnetic iron oxide which they hypothesize are produced during formation of amyloid protein plaques •Understanding the impact and management of these metals could lead to more effective future therapies for Alzheimer’s

Nanobiotix June 22nd, 2018  · Trial achieved its primary endpoint of pathological Complete Response Rate · Trial achieved its secondary endpoint in operability (R0 rate) · NBTXR3 demonstrated significant superiority and clinical benefits for patients versus standard of care · Safety profile confirmed · Randomized trial validated the first-in-class mode of action of NBTXR3

Northwestern University June 22nd, 2018 Materials are called two-dimensional covalent organic frameworks These materials fill a long-standing gap in polymer science Precision of structure, plentiful pores give scientists design control Hexagonal pores provide extremely high surface area

 

Johns Hopkins University June 11th, 2018 A theorized but never-before detected property of quantum matter has now been spotted in the lab, a team of scientists reports.

Nanometrics Incorporated June 12th, 2018 Nanometrics Incorporated (Nasdaq:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced a change in the company’s presentation time at the Stifel 2018 Cross Sector Insight Conference.

180 Degree Capital Corp. June 12th, 2018 180 Degree Capital Corp. (NASDAQ:TURN) today announced that it will provide live remote access to its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders. The meeting begins at 10:00 a.m. ET on Tuesday, June 12, 2018, and is being held at the offices of Schulte Roth & Zabel LLP, 919 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022.

Leti June 12th, 2018 Leti, a technology research institute of CEA Tech, will present a strategic paper and host a booth during SEMICON West, July 10-12. It also will host a workshop designed to generate a stimulating discussion of Leti’s vision “from electronic to photonic devices”.

Science China Press June 13th, 2018 Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery can be put into practice, if 20% of theoretical energy densities (2600 Wh/kg or 2800 Wh/L) can be achieved. Investigators have the ambition to reach the energy density of 500 Wh/kg in the near future.

University of Central Florida June 13th, 2018 A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality – a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties.

SUNY Polytechnic Institute June 13th, 2018  SUNY Polytechnic Institute (SUNY Poly) announced that Professor of Nanoscience Dr. Eric Lifshin has been selected as a Fellow of the Microanalysis Society (MAS), an honor given to the society’s most distinguished members to recognize top scientists, engineers, and technologists in the field of microanalysis who have developed or advanced techniques, applications, or theories.

SCUOLA INTERNAZIONALE SUPERIORE DI STUDI AVANZATI June 13th, 2018 A work led by SISSA and published on Nature Nanotechnology reports for the first time experimentally the phenomenon of ion ‘trapping’ by graphene carpets and its effect on the communication between neurons. The researchers have observed an increase in the activity of nerve cells grown on a single layer of graphene. Combining theoretical and experimental approaches they have shown that the phenomenon is due to the ability of the material to ‘trap’ several ions present in the surrounding environment on its surface, modulating its composition. Graphene is the thinnest bi-dimensional material available today, characterised by incredible properties of conductivity, flexibility and transparency. Although there are great expectations for its applications in the biomedical field, only very few works have analysed its interactions with neuronal tissue.

University of Vermont June 13th, 2018 A team of physicists at the University of Vermont have discovered a fundamentally new way surfaces can get wet. Their study may allow scientists to create the thinnest films of liquid ever made–and engineer a new class of surface coatings and lubricants just a few atoms thick.

Brookhaven National Laboratory June 14th, 2018 As the demand for smartphones, electric vehicles, and renewable energy continues to rise, scientists are searching for ways to improve lithium-ion batteries—the most common type of battery found in home electronics and a promising solution for grid-scale energy storage. Increasing the energy density of lithium-ion batteries could facilitate the development of advanced technologies with long-lasting batteries, as well as the widespread use of wind and solar energy. Now, researchers have made significant progress toward achieving that goal.

Emory Health Sciences June 15th, 2018 Physicists developed a way to determine the electronic properties of thin gold films after they interact with light. Nature Communications published the new method, which adds to the understanding of the fundamental laws that govern the interaction of electrons and light.

Aalto University June 4th, 2018 The DNA origami technique is a widely used method for making complex, yet well-defined nanostructures, with applications in biophysics, molecular biology, as well as drug and enzyme delivery. A major challenge, however, has been in achieving long-lasting stability under the conditions required for these applications.

Science China Press June 5th, 2018 Density gradient ultracentrifugation (DGUC), as an effective method for the purification of nanomaterials, has attracted tremendou attentions of researchers. A recent review was reported by Science Bulletin, entitled “Density gradient ultracentrifugation for colloidal nanostructures separation and investigation” by Xiaoming Sun and Liang Luo et al from Beijing University of Chemical Technology. The authors systemtatically introduce the classification, mechanism and applications of density gradient ultracentrifugation (DGUC) with various separation examples, demonstrating the versatility of such an efficient separation technique.

Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science June 6th, 2018 Ever shrinking transistors are the key to faster and more efficient computer processing. Since the 1970s, advancements in electronics have largely been driven by the steady pace with which these tiny components have grown simultaneously smaller and more powerful—right down to their current dimensions on the nanometer scale. But recent years have seen this progress plateau, as researchers grapple with whether transistors may have finally hit their size limit. High among the list of hurdles standing in the way of further miniaturization: problems caused by “leakage current.”

Springer June 6th, 2018 In a new study published in EPJ B, Basant Lal Sharma from the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur provides a detailed analysis of how the flow of heat and electrons is affected at the interface between an ‘armchair’ shaped carbon nanotube and a zigzagging nanoribbon made up of a single-layer carbon honeycomb sheet of graphene. Applications of this method can help us understand the propagation of electrons and thermal flow in graphene and similar materials for electromagnetic devices. For example, a partially unzipped carbon nanotube could act as a device with varying electrical resistance depending on the strength of an external magnetic field applied to it. By contrast, these junctions can also act as perfect ‘valley filters’, allowing certain types of electrons through the junction with the maximum possible conductance, while other electrons can’t pass through.

Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science June 6th, 2018 Scientists from IUPUI, MIT, Nokia Bell Labs, NTT and the University of Bristol in England, which led the study, have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level. The study is published in the May 31 issue of the journal Nature.

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne June 7th, 2018 Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. When such vibrations are produced by light interacting with a material, the vibrational energy can be transferred back and forth between individual phonons and individual packets of light energy, the photons. This process is called the Raman effect.

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne June 7th, 2018 Infrared spectroscopy is the benchmark method for detecting and analyzing organic compounds. But it requires complicated procedures and large, expensive instruments, making device miniaturization challenging and hindering its use for some industrial and medical applications and for data collection out in the field, such as for measuring pollutant concentrations. Furthermore, it is fundamentally limited by low sensitivities and therefore requires large sample amounts.

Université libre de Bruxelles June 7th, 2018 Now writing in ACS Central Science, Simavilla et al., show that is it possible to estimate how nanoconfinement affects the number of contacts formed by two materials placed in intimate contact and, hence, the interfacial interactions.

Far Eastern Federal University June 8th, 2018 Multilayer YAG/Nd3+:YAG/YAG composite laser ceramics with a high concentration of active additive outclassed the commercial glass and single crystals used in laser technologies by it’s physical and mechanical characteristics. The slope efficiency of the new one is at least twice as the existed materials have got.

Wiley June 8th, 2018 Saturn is the second largest planet in our solar system and has a characteristic ring. Japanese researchers have now synthesized a molecular “nano-Saturn”. As the scientists report in the journal Angewandte Chemie, it consists of a spherical C(60) fullerene as the planet and a flat macrocycle made of six anthracene units as the ring. The structure is confirmed by spectroscopic and X-ray analyses.

Akson Russian Science Communication Association May 28th, 2018 Development of superconductors which can operate at room temperature has been a major focus of interest of physicists all over the world. At times news come out about the discovery of new high-temperature (HTSC) materials which brings hope that such superconductors will be developed. At present, however, a unified theory of such materials is lacking. Victor Lakhno, a physicist from Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, suggested to take the translation-invariant bipolaon theory as a basis. In the paper published in Advances in Condensed Matter Physics possible ways of solving the room-temperature superconductivity problem are presented.

Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) May 29th, 2018 An international team of researchers, affiliated with UNIST has discovered a novel method for the synthesis of ultrathin semiconductors. This is a unique growth mechanism, which yielded nanoscopic semiconductor ribbons that are only a few atoms thick.

Northwestern University May 29th, 2018 Lithium-manganese-oxide compound forces oxygen to participate in the reaction process, which more than doubles the capacity •Researchers use computation to predict chromium and vanadium could stabilize the battery, preventing it from quick degradation

Purdue University May 30th, 2018 urdue researchers have discovered a new two-dimensional material, derived from the rare element tellurium, to make transistors that carry a current better throughout a computer chip.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology May 30th, 2018 Glioblastoma multiforme, a type of brain tumor, is one of the most difficult-to-treat cancers. Only a handful of drugs are approved to treat glioblastoma, and the median life expectancy for patients diagnosed with the disease is less than 15 months.

Brookhaven National Laboratory May 31st, 2018 If you want to understand how a material changes from one atomic-level configuration to another, it’s not enough to capture snapshots of before-and-after structures. It’d be better to track details of the transition as it happens. Same goes for studying catalysts, materials that speed up chemical reactions by bringing key ingredients together; the crucial action is often triggered by subtle atomic-scale shifts at intermediate stages.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. May 31st, 2018 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it is scheduled to make presentations at the following upcoming events: Jefferies 2018 Global Healthcare Conference – New York ,June 5-8, 2018 June 6 , 3:30 p.m.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. May 31st, 2018 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it has completed enrollment and dosing of all 5 planned cohorts of healthy adult volunteers in the single-ascending dose portion of its ongoing Phase 1/2 study of ARO-HBV, the company’s third generation subcutaneously administered RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutic being developed as a potentially curative therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The company intends to submit a late-breaking abstract with initial clinical data on ARO-HBV to the Liver Meeting® 2018, the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD), being held in November.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. May 31st, 2018 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it has completed enrollment and dosing of all 5 planned cohorts of healthy adult volunteers in the single-ascending dose portion of its ongoing Phase 1/2 study of ARO-HBV, the company’s third generation subcutaneously administered RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutic being developed as a potentially curative therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The company intends to submit a late-breaking abstract with initial clinical data on ARO-HBV to the Liver Meeting® 2018, the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD), being held in November.

The Kavli Foundation May 31st, 2018  The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters today announced the winners of the 2018 Kavli Prizes. Given in the fields of astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience, this year’s prizes honor scientists who studied molecules in space and illuminated the life cycle of stars and planets, developed a tool to precisely edit DNA, and unlocked the neuroscience underlying human hearing.

American Institute of Physics June 1st, 2018 Nanoscientists at Northwestern University have developed a blueprint to fabricate new heterostructures from different types of 2-D materials. 2-D materials are single atom layers that can be stacked together like “nano-interlocking building blocks.” Materials scientists and physicists are excited about the properties of 2-D materials and their potential applications. The researchers describe their blueprint in the Journal of Applied Physics, from AIP Publishing.

theengineer.co.u June 1st, 2018 A new graphene-based desiccant could one day eliminate footwear odours and control moisture in applications ranging from electronics, packaging and air conditioning.

 

Cornell University May 22nd, 2018 The world is a big place, but it’s gotten smaller with the advent of technologies that put people from across the globe in the palm of one’s hand. And as the world has shrunk, it has also demanded that things happen ever faster – including the time it takes to charge an electronic device.

Rice University May 22nd, 2018 Rice University researchers have synthesized and isolated plasmonic magnesium nanoparticles that show all the promise of their gold, silver and aluminum cousins with none of the drawbacks.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) May 22nd, 2018 Over the last two decades, scientists have discovered that the optical microscope can be used to detect, track and image objects much smaller than their traditional limit—about half the wavelength of visible light, or a few hundred nanometers.

Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science May 23rd, 2018 As electronic devices and circuits shrink into the nanoscale, the ability to transfer data on a chip, at low power with little energy loss, is becoming a critical challenge. Over the past decade, squeezing light into tiny devices and circuits has been a major goal of nanophotonics researchers. Electronic oscillations at the surface of metals, known as surface plasmon polaritons or plasmons for short, have become an intense area of focus. Plasmons are hybrids of light (photons) and electrons in a metal. If researchers can harness this nanolight, they will be able to improve sensing, subwavelength waveguiding, and optical transmission of signals.

University of Saarland May 23rd, 2018 Communication using quantum states offers ultimate security, because eavesdropping attempts perturb the signal and would therefore not remain undetected. For the same reason, though, long-distance transmission of that information is difficult. In classical telecommunication, the increasing attenuation of the signal is counteracted by measuring, amplifying and re-sending it in so-called repeater stations, but this turns out to be as detrimental to the quantum information as an eavesdropper.

Nanometrics Incorporated May 23rd, 2018 Nanometrics Incorporated (Nasdaq:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced that company management is scheduled to present at the Stifel 2018 Cross Sector Insight Conference.

The Kavli Foundation May 24th, 2018 On May 31, the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters will announce the 2018 Kavli Prize Laureates in Astrophysics, Nanoscience, and Neuroscience. This year marks the 10th anniversary of the prestigious $1 million Kavli Prizes, which recognize scientists for brilliant breakthroughs in our understanding of existence at its biggest, smallest, and most complex scales.

Springer May 24th, 2018 In our bodies, the transfer of genetic information, viral infections and protein trafficking, as well as the synthesis and the degradation of biomolecules, are all phenomena that require the transport of molecules through channels. Improving our control of these channels and the capacity of molecules to get across could have many potential applications in the fields of energy, biotechnology and medicine. These include ultra-fast DNA sequencing, detection of biological markers used in disease diagnostics, protein folding, high-resolution determination of the size of biological molecules or even the control of ion or biomolecule transport through the protein sensor. In a new study published in EPJ E, Manuela Pastoriza-Gallego from the University Paris-Seine, France, and colleagues have shown how to alter external factors, such as external voltage, to control the transport of a dextran sulfate molecule – a polyelectrolyte – through the nanopores of the aerolysin protein channel.

Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences May 24th, 2018 A quantum internet promises completely secure communication. But using quantum bits or qubits to carry information requires a radically new piece of hardware – a quantum memory. This atomic-scale device needs to store quantum information and convert it into light to transmit across the network.

Technical University of Munich (TUM) May 25th, 2018 A research team led by physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed molecular nanoswitches that can be toggled between two structurally different states using an applied voltage. They can serve as the basis for a pioneering class of devices that could replace silicon-based components with organic molecules.

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) May 14th, 2018 Globally, cancer is the second leading cause of death, also because the efficiency of chemotherapeutics is inadequate due to poor delivery to the tumor. NIM scientist Prof Olivia Merkel and her team develop targeted nanocarrier systems to increase the delivery rates of therapeutic formulations and their specific uptake into the target cells.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign May 15th, 2018 A new technique that uses tiny elastic balls filled with fluorescent nanoparticles aims to expand the understanding of the mechanical forces that exist between cells, researchers report. A University of Illinois-led team has demonstrated the quantification of 3-D forces within cells living in petri dishes as well as live specimens. This research may unlock some of the mysteries related to embryonic development and cancer stem cells, i.e., tumor-repopulating cells.

Northwestern University May 15th, 2018 Carbon nanotube powders are difficult to process because they aggregate in clumps Typically researchers must add additives to help nanotubes disperse in solvents Researchers find that adding a simple solvent, cresol, can disperse nanotubes at unprecedentedly high concentrations As the concentration of carbon nanotubes increases, the material goes from a dilute dispersion to a thick paste, free-standing gel and eventually a kneadable dough

National Space Society May 15th, 2018 Tom Mueller, a founding SpaceX employee, and designer of the Merlin and Raptor engines, is one of the world’s foremost spacecraft propulsion experts. Mueller will be providing the Thursday, May 24th Plenary Address at the ISDC in Los Angeles, CA. If you attend, you have a chance to hear the latest information on SpaceX’s Mars plans.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign May 15th, 2018 Scientists are one step closer to building a carbon-recycling system that can harvest solar energy to efficiently convert CO2 and water into liquid fuels. By optimizing many parts of the system, the researchers say, they can now drive two-electron chemical reactions, a substantial advance over one-electron reactions, which are energy inefficient.

Tokyo Institute of Technology May 15th, 2018 Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and their collaborators have developed a micrometer-wide thermometer that is sensitive to heat generated by optical and electron beams, and can measure small and rapid temperature changes in real time. This new device can be used to explore heat transport on the micro- and nano-scales, and in optical microscopy and synchrotron radiation experiments.

University of Leeds May 16th, 2018 New research gives insight into a recent experiment that was able to manipulate an unprecedented number of atoms through a quantum simulator. This new theory could provide another step on the path to creating the elusive quantum computers.

National Space Society May 17th, 2018 According to Dr. Sheri Wells-Jensen of Bowling Green State University, disabilities can be superpowers for astronauts in space. A position she and her co-author, Joshua Miele, of the Smith Kettlewell Eye Research Institute, will explain Sunday May 27th at 3 pm at the National Space Society’s annual International Space Development Conference in Los Angeles.

University of California, San Diego May 17th, 2018 Pancreatic cancer is expected to become the second deadliest cancer in the United States by 2030. It is tough to cure because it is usually not discovered until it has reached an advanced stage. But a new diagnostic test developed by researchers at UC San Diego shows promise for detecting the disease earlier.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory May 18th, 2018 Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory made the first observations of waves of atomic rearrangements, known as phasons, propagating supersonically through a vibrating crystal lattice–a discovery that may dramatically improve heat transport in insulators and enable new strategies for heat management in future electronics devices.

 

Penn State May 5th, 2018 A team of chemists at Penn State has developed a designer’s toolkit that lets them build various levels of complexity into nanoparticles using a simple, mix-and-match process. “Researchers in areas as diverse as medicine, energy, and electronics often design complex nanoscale particles that are predicted to have useful functions,” said Raymond E. Schaak, DuPont Professor of Materials Chemistry at Penn State and the leader of the research team. “But making them in the laboratory is often the bottleneck. Our strategy can help to streamline this process.” A paper describing the team’s strategy and the large library of particles that they can now make appears May 4, 2018 in the journal Science.

University of Notre Dame May 6th, 2018 The world’s freshwater resources are in short supply. According to the United Nations, water scarcity affects an estimated 1.9 billion people and 2.1 billion people live with drinking water services that are not safely managed. The critical point of water scarcity has led scientists to look for new and efficient ways to make the most of nontraditional sources, including sea water, brackish water and wastewater.

Keystone Nano, Inc. May 7th, 2018 Keystone Nano, Inc. announces that clinical testing of Ceramide NanoLiposome (CNL) has cleared many hurdles and is at an important phase of discovery. CNL has been extremely well tolerated in patients at increasing dose levels and is well tolerated in the first four dose levels tested. Testing at dose level five began April 30, 2018. The total number of escalations included in the trial is six.

Rice University May 8th, 2018 In the wake of its recent discovery of a flat form of gallium, an international team led by scientists from Rice University has created another two-dimensional material that the researchers said could be a game changer for solar fuel generation.

University of Warwick May 8th, 2018 The precision of measuring nanoscopic structures could be substantially improved, thanks to research involving the University of Warwick and QuantIC researchers at the University of Glasgow and Heriot Watt University into optical sensing.

BlueWillow Biologics May 9th, 2018 NanoBio Corporation, a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company, today announced that it has changed its corporate name to BlueWillow Biologics® in conjunction with the closing of a $10 million Series A financing. The company’s new name reflects its evolution to a vaccines-focused company, and commitment to advancing its novel intranasal technology to develop new vaccines for several respiratory and sexually transmitted diseases. The Series A financing round was led by North Coast Technology Investors, Line Moon Ventures and the University of Michigan through its MINTS initiative.

National Space Society May 10th, 2018 “What does a dinner menu look like in space?” asks Bryce Meyer, Cyan React LLC Founder and CEO. “How about beer and burritos? Bloody Marys and fish tacos? Pho? Bread? Donuts? Fried Shrimp? Horchata? Yes, given the right space farm, all these are possible!” Then, says Meyer, there are supersized melons, berries, and low-gravity wine, and coffee. Coffee with its flavor tweaked by controlling carbon dioxide and light.

University of Connecticut May 11th, 2018 Researchers in UConn’s Institute of Materials Science significantly improved the performance of an atomically thin semiconductor material by stretching it, an accomplishment that could prove beneficial to engineers designing the next generation of flexible electronics, nano devices, and optical sensors.

Rice University April 30th, 2018 Rice University scientists are known for exceptional research, but a new paper led by physicist Junichiro Kono makes that point most literally.

Nanometrics Incorporated May 1st, 2018 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced financial results for its first quarter ended March 31, 2018.

newsweek.com May 1st, 2018 She wasn’t aiming to make history. But in the late 1990s, when Sumita Mitra, a chemist at 3M, began to use nanotechnology to improve dental fillings, that’s exactly what happened. Now found in dental offices—and virtually every mouth—her fillings are one of those life-changing innovations we take for granted.

Tomsk Polytechnic University May 1st, 2018 Researchers from Tomsk Polytechnic University (Russia) and Bangor University (UK) have experimentally verified anomalous amplitude apodization for non-spherical particles for the first time. This phenomenon makes it possible to boost the magnifying power of microscopes and to more effectively record molecules and viruses. The study results were reported in Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves.

National Space Society May 2nd, 2018  On March 30th, 2018, NASA delivered to Congress the “International Space Station Transition Report” taking the first step toward a gapless transition from the government owned and operated International Space Station (ISS) to commercial Low Earth Orbit (LEO) space stations. This report was issued in response to a request from Congress in the NASA Transition Authorization Act of 2017. NSS and its partners in the Alliance for Space Development worked hard over the last few years to ensure that this request was included in the Act, and NSS applauds the resulting report.

Lehigh University May 2nd, 2018 The ability to harness light into an intense beam of monochromatic radiation in a laser has revolutionized the way we live and work for more than fifty years. Among its many applications are ultrafast and high-capacity data communications, manufacturing, surgery, barcode scanners, printers, self-driving technology and spectacular laser light displays. Lasers also find a home in atomic and molecular spectroscopy used in various branches of science as well as for the detection and analysis of a wide range of chemicals and biomolecules.

University at Buffalo May 2nd, 2018 The humble glass microscope slide may be primed for a makeover.

Texas A&M University May 3rd, 2018 Engineers from Texas A&M University and Virginia Tech report important new insights into nanoporous gold–a material with growing applications in several areas, including energy storage and biomedical devices–all without stepping into a lab.

Nanobiotix May 3rd, 2018 NANOBIOTIX (Euronext: NANO – ISIN: FR0011341205), a late clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering new approaches to the treatment of cancer, announced today that it is launching a research collaboration with Weill Cornell Medicine to begin nonclinical studies of NBTXR3’s mechanism of action. NBTXR3 is a first-in-class product designed to destroy, when activated by radiotherapy, tumors and metastasis through physical cell death and to induce immunogenic cell death leading to specific activation of the immune system.

University of Michigan May 3rd, 2018 A new, stable artificial photosynthesis device doubles the efficiency of harnessing sunlight to break apart both fresh and salt water, generating hydrogen that can then be used in fuel cells.

Leti May 3rd, 2018 Leti, a research institute at CEA Tech, and Cellmic LLC, a company dedicated to improving patient healthcare with smartphones and biophotonics, today announced that they joined forces to accelerate the market adoption of lens-free imaging and sensing techniques by growing Leti’s patent portfolio with a core patent from Cellmic.

Brookhaven National Laboratory May 4th, 2018 Manipulating the flow of energy through superconductors could radically transform technology, perhaps leading to applications such as ultra-fast, highly efficient quantum computers. But these subtle dynamics—including heat dispersion—play out with absurd speed across dizzying subatomic structures.

University of California, Berkeley March 26th, 2018 UC Berkeley engineers have built a bright-light emitting device that is millimeters wide and fully transparent when turned off. The light emitting material in this device is a monolayer semiconductor, which is just three atoms thick.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign March 27th, 2018 Scientists have built a “computational microscope” that can simulate the atomic and subatomic forces that drive molecular interactions. This tool will streamline efforts to understand the chemistry of life, model large molecular systems and develop new pharmaceutical and industrial agents, the researchers say.

The Hebrew University of Jerusalem March 27th, 2018 Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable our computers–and all optic communication devices–to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips.

University of California, Santa Barbara March 27th, 2018 Much has been made of quantum computing processes using ultracold atoms and ions, superconducting junctions and defects in diamonds, but could we be performing them in our own brains?

Lehigh University March 27th, 2018 Data is only as good as humans’ ability to analyze and make use of it. In materials research, the ability to analyze massive amounts of data–often generated at the nanoscale–in order to compare materials’ properties is key to discovery and to achieving industrial use. Jeffrey M. Rickman, a professor of materials science and physics at Lehigh University, likens this process to candy manufacturing: “If you are looking to create a candy that has, say, the ideal level of sweetness, you have to be able to compare different potential ingredients and their impact on sweetness in order to make the ideal final candy,” says Rickman.

Nagoya University March 27th, 2018 Extraordinary things happen at low temperatures. One of the best examples is surely superconductivity. This phenomenon, wherein the electrical resistance of a solid drops to zero below a critical temperature, has been known for a century, and now has applications in science and industry. Physics and chemistry students can even make their own levitating magnets from superconducting alloys.

Osaka University March 28th, 2018 Often, practical limits control the experimental measurements that can be made, governing the difference between what we expect to be true based on the most likely predictions of models and calculations, and findings that have been supported by testing. A team of researchers has now used the world’s highest intensity neutron beamline facility, at J-PARC in central Japan, to push the limits of sensitivity for the study of gravitational force. The multicenter work probing the nm range was recently published in Physical Review D.

Lomonosov Moscow State University March 29th, 2018 A scientist from the Faculty of Physics, MSU together with Russian and foreign colleagues studied changes in the behavior of electrons in one of the types of dielectrics with high time resolution and witnessed how the material turned into a conductor under the influence of ultra-short laser impulses. The method may be used to study high-speed processes. The theoretical study was published in Nature Photonics journal.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology March 29th, 2018 A new approach to analyzing and designing new ion conductors — a key component of rechargeable batteries — could accelerate the development of high-energy lithium batteries, and possibly other energy storage and delivery devices such as fuel cells, researchers say.

University of Central Florida March 30th, 2018 An international research team, which includes University of Central Florida Professor Enrique del Barco and Christian A. Nijhuis of the National University of Singapore, has found a way to understand and manipulate the transition of charges in molecular junctions.

 

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) April 14th, 2018 Trapping light with an optical version of a whispering gallery, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a nanoscale coating for solar cells that enables them to absorb about 20 percent more sunlight than uncoated devices. The coating, applied with a technique that could be incorporated into manufacturing, opens a new path for developing low-cost, high-efficiency solar cells with abundant, renewable and environmentally friendly materials.

University of Innsbruck April 15th, 2018 Some of the new quantum technologies ranging from extremely precise sensors to universal quantum computers require a large number of quantum bits in order to exploit the advantages of quantum physics. Physicists all over the world are therefore working on implementing entangled systems with more and more quantum bits. The record is currently held by Rainer Blatt’s research group at the Institute of Experimental Physics at the University of Innsbruck. In 2011, the physicists entangled 14 individually addressable quantum bits for the first time and thus realized the largest completely entangled quantum register. Now, a research team led by Ben Lanyon and Rainer Blatt at the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information (IQOQI) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, together with theorists from the University of Ulm and the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, has now realized controlled multi-particle entanglement in a system of 20 quantum bits. The researchers were able to detect genuine multi-particle entanglement between all neighbouring groups of three, four and five quantum bits.

Lifeboat Foundation April 16th, 2018 Teachers in Space, Inc. (TIS), the leading provider of affordable flight experiment opportunities for classrooms, will use a grant from the Lifeboat Foundation to fly three new classroom experiments on the Perlan II stratospheric glider in May.

University of Geneva April 16th, 2018 Predicting the behaviour of electrons in a material is not easily done. Physicists from the University of Geneva (UNIGE), ETH Zurich and EPFL replaced the electrons with ultra-cold neutral lithium atoms that they had circulated in a one-dimensional quantum tube. The scientists were then able to confirm an unusual state of matter that retains its insulation regardless of the level of attraction between the particles. This work, published in PRX, opens the way to the search for new materials with atypical properties.

Rice University April 16th, 2018 A team led by Rice University scientists used a unique combination of techniques to observe, for the first time, a condensed matter phenomenon about which others have only speculated. The research could aid in the development of quantum computers.

EPFL April 17th, 2018 Extreme stresses can be produced in nanoscale structures, a feature which has been used to realize enhanced materials properties, such as the high mobility of silicon in modern transistors. Here we show how nanoscale stress can be used to realize exceptionally low mechanical dissipation, when combined with “soft-clamping” — a form of phononic engineering. Specifically, using a non-uniform phononic crystal pattern, we colocalize the strain and flexural motion of a free-standing Si3N4 nanobeam. Ringdown measurements at room temperature reveal string-like modes with quality (Q) factors as high as 800 million and Q × frequency exceeding 1015 Hz. These results illustrate a promising route for engineering ultra-coherent nanomechanical devices.

HTA April 17th, 2018 The Heterogeneous Technology Alliance (HTA), an association of four major European research institutes in micro- and nanotechnologies – Leti (France), Fraunhofer (Germany), CSEM (Switzerland), and VTT (Finland) – will host its 10th anniversary event in Brussels on April 24.

Nanobiotix April 17th, 2018  NANOBIOTIX (Euronext: NANO – ISIN: FR0011341205), a late clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering new approaches to the local treatment of cancer, today announced that preclinical data evaluating the activation of the cGAS-STING pathway by NBTXR3 has been presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2018 in Chicago, Illinois (April 14-18, 2018).

University of Basel April 18th, 2018 A team including physicists from the University of Basel has succeeded in using atomic force microscopy to clearly obtain images of individual impurity atoms in graphene ribbons. Thanks to the forces measured in the graphene’s two-dimensional carbon lattice, they were able to identify boron and nitrogen for the first time, as the researchers report in the journal Science Advances.

Rice University April 18th, 2018 A dash of salt can simplify the creation of two-dimensional materials, and thanks to Rice University scientists, the reason is becoming clear.

JEOL USA, Inc. April 18th, 2018  World-renowned electron microscopists will join Dr. Xiaoqing Pan, Director of the University of California Irvine Materials Research Institute (IMRI), for the Grand Opening of the JEOL Center for Nanoscale Solutions and a three-day symposium June 6-8, 2018.

Ruhr-Universität Bochum April 19th, 2018 The researchers within the groups of Prof Dr Lars Schäfer and Prof Dr Enrica Bordignon, who work together in the Excellence Cluster Ruhr explores Solvation, Resolv in short, report in the Journal of the American Chemical Society of 16 March 2018.

National University of Science and Technology MISIS April 19th, 2018 An international group of scientists from Russia, the United Kingdom, and Germany have presented an alternative qubit design which can be used to build a quantum computer. Nano-wires made of superconductors are the design’s main elements. In the first experiments, the new superconductor qubit proved to be no worse than the traditional one built on Josephson junctions.

Georgia Institute of Technology April 20th, 2018 A remote command could one day send immune cells on a rampage against a malignant tumor. The ability to mobilize, from outside the body, targeted cancer immunotherapy inside the body has taken a step closer to becoming reality.

NEI Corporation April 9th, 2018 NEI Corporation announced today that it has introduced UV-Protect (UVP) technology to formulate enhanced versions of its popular NANOMYTE® coating products, which offer unique functionalities in coatings with unparalleled durability. The NANOMYTE® line of protective coatings and surface treatments provide tailored functionalities, such as hydrophobicity, superhydrophobicity, oleophobicity, superoleophobicity, self-healing, fog resistance, self-cleaning (or easy-to-clean), scratch resistance, anti-corrosion, and anti-icing. They have found wide applicability in the industrial and automotive markets for their versatility and ability to be applied to a variety of surfaces – including glass, plastic, fiber-composite, metal, and ceramic. UVP technology imparts enhanced protection from the effects of sun and weather exposure to maintain the unique properties of their coating products when subjected to long-term outdoor exposure.

INRS April 10th, 2018 A composite thin film made of two different inorganic oxide materials significantly improves the performance of solar cells, as recently demonstrated by a joint team of researchers led by Professor Federico Rosei at the Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS), and Dr. Riad Nechache from École de technologie supérieure (ÉTS), both in the Montreal Area (Canada).

University of Bath April 10th, 2018 Scientists have created a non-invasive, adhesive patch, which promises the measurement of glucose levels through the skin without a finger-prick blood test, potentially removing the need for millions of diabetics to frequently carry out the painful and unpopular tests.

Elhuyar Fundazioa April 10th, 2018 The results published in Light: Science & Applications open new avenues for fundamental studies of vibrational strong coupling, as well as for the development of novel infrared sensors for chemical recognition of very small amounts of molecules.

Nanometrics Incorporated April 10th, 2018 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, will release its first quarter financial results after market close on May 1, 2018. A conference call to discuss the results will be held at 4:30 PM ET.

University of Bonn April 11th, 2018 Together with colleagues from the USA, scientists from the University of Bonn and the research institute Caesar in Bonn have used nanostructures to construct a tiny machine that constitutes a rotatory motor and can move in a specific direction. The researchers used circular structures from DNA. The results will now be presented in the journal Nature Nanotechnology.

CAP-XX April 11th, 2018 CAP-XX (LSE:CPX), a leader in supercapacitors that deliver peak power to support or replace batteries, today announced it has developed the industry’s first 3V thin, prismatic supercapacitors. The company will deploy its 3V technology first in thin prismatic form to meet demand for small, inexpensive, energy-efficient power solutions for thin wearables, key FOBs and other IoT devices. CAP-XX will then integrate the 3V technology into its larger prismatic supercapacitors, automotive modules and other products for high-energy, high-power applications.

University of Delaware April 12th, 2018 From smartphones to electric vehicles, many of today’s technologies run on lithium ion batteries. That means that consumers have to keep their chargers handy. An iPhone X battery only lasts for 21 hours of talk time, and Tesla’s model S has a 335-mile range — which means you could expect to make it from Newark, Delaware to Providence, Rhode Island, but not all the way to Boston, on one charge.

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. April 12th, 2018 Thermo Fisher Scientific, the world leader in serving science, today announced the Thermo Scientific Krios G3i cryo-electron microscope (cryo-EM) received a 2018 Edison Awards gold medal. The Edison Awards, named after Thomas Alva Edison, recognize and honor the world’s best innovators and innovations.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) April 12th, 2018 Imagine a single particle, only one-tenth the diameter of a bacterium, whose miniscule jiggles induce sustained vibrations in an entire mechanical device some 50 times larger. By taking clever advantage of the interplay between light, electrons on the surface of metals, and heat, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have for the first time created a plasmomechanical oscillator (PMO), so named because it tightly couples plasmons–the collective oscillations of electrons at the surface of a metal nanoparticle–to the mechanical vibrations of the much larger device it’s embedded in.

Northwestern University April 13th, 2018 If you combine two or three metals together, you will get an alloy that usually looks and acts like a metal, with its atoms arranged in rigid geometric patterns.