News of the week (2018)

Aalto University June 4th, 2018 The DNA origami technique is a widely used method for making complex, yet well-defined nanostructures, with applications in biophysics, molecular biology, as well as drug and enzyme delivery. A major challenge, however, has been in achieving long-lasting stability under the conditions required for these applications.

Science China Press June 5th, 2018 Density gradient ultracentrifugation (DGUC), as an effective method for the purification of nanomaterials, has attracted tremendou attentions of researchers. A recent review was reported by Science Bulletin, entitled “Density gradient ultracentrifugation for colloidal nanostructures separation and investigation” by Xiaoming Sun and Liang Luo et al from Beijing University of Chemical Technology. The authors systemtatically introduce the classification, mechanism and applications of density gradient ultracentrifugation (DGUC) with various separation examples, demonstrating the versatility of such an efficient separation technique.

Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science June 6th, 2018 Ever shrinking transistors are the key to faster and more efficient computer processing. Since the 1970s, advancements in electronics have largely been driven by the steady pace with which these tiny components have grown simultaneously smaller and more powerful—right down to their current dimensions on the nanometer scale. But recent years have seen this progress plateau, as researchers grapple with whether transistors may have finally hit their size limit. High among the list of hurdles standing in the way of further miniaturization: problems caused by “leakage current.”

Springer June 6th, 2018 In a new study published in EPJ B, Basant Lal Sharma from the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur provides a detailed analysis of how the flow of heat and electrons is affected at the interface between an ‘armchair’ shaped carbon nanotube and a zigzagging nanoribbon made up of a single-layer carbon honeycomb sheet of graphene. Applications of this method can help us understand the propagation of electrons and thermal flow in graphene and similar materials for electromagnetic devices. For example, a partially unzipped carbon nanotube could act as a device with varying electrical resistance depending on the strength of an external magnetic field applied to it. By contrast, these junctions can also act as perfect ‘valley filters’, allowing certain types of electrons through the junction with the maximum possible conductance, while other electrons can’t pass through.

Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science June 6th, 2018 Scientists from IUPUI, MIT, Nokia Bell Labs, NTT and the University of Bristol in England, which led the study, have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level. The study is published in the May 31 issue of the journal Nature.

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne June 7th, 2018 Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. When such vibrations are produced by light interacting with a material, the vibrational energy can be transferred back and forth between individual phonons and individual packets of light energy, the photons. This process is called the Raman effect.

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne June 7th, 2018 Infrared spectroscopy is the benchmark method for detecting and analyzing organic compounds. But it requires complicated procedures and large, expensive instruments, making device miniaturization challenging and hindering its use for some industrial and medical applications and for data collection out in the field, such as for measuring pollutant concentrations. Furthermore, it is fundamentally limited by low sensitivities and therefore requires large sample amounts.

Université libre de Bruxelles June 7th, 2018 Now writing in ACS Central Science, Simavilla et al., show that is it possible to estimate how nanoconfinement affects the number of contacts formed by two materials placed in intimate contact and, hence, the interfacial interactions.

Far Eastern Federal University June 8th, 2018 Multilayer YAG/Nd3+:YAG/YAG composite laser ceramics with a high concentration of active additive outclassed the commercial glass and single crystals used in laser technologies by it’s physical and mechanical characteristics. The slope efficiency of the new one is at least twice as the existed materials have got.

Wiley June 8th, 2018 Saturn is the second largest planet in our solar system and has a characteristic ring. Japanese researchers have now synthesized a molecular “nano-Saturn”. As the scientists report in the journal Angewandte Chemie, it consists of a spherical C(60) fullerene as the planet and a flat macrocycle made of six anthracene units as the ring. The structure is confirmed by spectroscopic and X-ray analyses.

Akson Russian Science Communication Association May 28th, 2018 Development of superconductors which can operate at room temperature has been a major focus of interest of physicists all over the world. At times news come out about the discovery of new high-temperature (HTSC) materials which brings hope that such superconductors will be developed. At present, however, a unified theory of such materials is lacking. Victor Lakhno, a physicist from Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, suggested to take the translation-invariant bipolaon theory as a basis. In the paper published in Advances in Condensed Matter Physics possible ways of solving the room-temperature superconductivity problem are presented.

Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) May 29th, 2018 An international team of researchers, affiliated with UNIST has discovered a novel method for the synthesis of ultrathin semiconductors. This is a unique growth mechanism, which yielded nanoscopic semiconductor ribbons that are only a few atoms thick.

Northwestern University May 29th, 2018 Lithium-manganese-oxide compound forces oxygen to participate in the reaction process, which more than doubles the capacity •Researchers use computation to predict chromium and vanadium could stabilize the battery, preventing it from quick degradation

Purdue University May 30th, 2018 urdue researchers have discovered a new two-dimensional material, derived from the rare element tellurium, to make transistors that carry a current better throughout a computer chip.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology May 30th, 2018 Glioblastoma multiforme, a type of brain tumor, is one of the most difficult-to-treat cancers. Only a handful of drugs are approved to treat glioblastoma, and the median life expectancy for patients diagnosed with the disease is less than 15 months.

Brookhaven National Laboratory May 31st, 2018 If you want to understand how a material changes from one atomic-level configuration to another, it’s not enough to capture snapshots of before-and-after structures. It’d be better to track details of the transition as it happens. Same goes for studying catalysts, materials that speed up chemical reactions by bringing key ingredients together; the crucial action is often triggered by subtle atomic-scale shifts at intermediate stages.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. May 31st, 2018 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it is scheduled to make presentations at the following upcoming events: Jefferies 2018 Global Healthcare Conference – New York ,June 5-8, 2018 June 6 , 3:30 p.m.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. May 31st, 2018 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it has completed enrollment and dosing of all 5 planned cohorts of healthy adult volunteers in the single-ascending dose portion of its ongoing Phase 1/2 study of ARO-HBV, the company’s third generation subcutaneously administered RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutic being developed as a potentially curative therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The company intends to submit a late-breaking abstract with initial clinical data on ARO-HBV to the Liver Meeting® 2018, the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD), being held in November.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. May 31st, 2018 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it has completed enrollment and dosing of all 5 planned cohorts of healthy adult volunteers in the single-ascending dose portion of its ongoing Phase 1/2 study of ARO-HBV, the company’s third generation subcutaneously administered RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutic being developed as a potentially curative therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The company intends to submit a late-breaking abstract with initial clinical data on ARO-HBV to the Liver Meeting® 2018, the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD), being held in November.

The Kavli Foundation May 31st, 2018  The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters today announced the winners of the 2018 Kavli Prizes. Given in the fields of astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience, this year’s prizes honor scientists who studied molecules in space and illuminated the life cycle of stars and planets, developed a tool to precisely edit DNA, and unlocked the neuroscience underlying human hearing.

American Institute of Physics June 1st, 2018 Nanoscientists at Northwestern University have developed a blueprint to fabricate new heterostructures from different types of 2-D materials. 2-D materials are single atom layers that can be stacked together like “nano-interlocking building blocks.” Materials scientists and physicists are excited about the properties of 2-D materials and their potential applications. The researchers describe their blueprint in the Journal of Applied Physics, from AIP Publishing.

theengineer.co.u June 1st, 2018 A new graphene-based desiccant could one day eliminate footwear odours and control moisture in applications ranging from electronics, packaging and air conditioning.

 

Cornell University May 22nd, 2018 The world is a big place, but it’s gotten smaller with the advent of technologies that put people from across the globe in the palm of one’s hand. And as the world has shrunk, it has also demanded that things happen ever faster – including the time it takes to charge an electronic device.

Rice University May 22nd, 2018 Rice University researchers have synthesized and isolated plasmonic magnesium nanoparticles that show all the promise of their gold, silver and aluminum cousins with none of the drawbacks.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) May 22nd, 2018 Over the last two decades, scientists have discovered that the optical microscope can be used to detect, track and image objects much smaller than their traditional limit—about half the wavelength of visible light, or a few hundred nanometers.

Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science May 23rd, 2018 As electronic devices and circuits shrink into the nanoscale, the ability to transfer data on a chip, at low power with little energy loss, is becoming a critical challenge. Over the past decade, squeezing light into tiny devices and circuits has been a major goal of nanophotonics researchers. Electronic oscillations at the surface of metals, known as surface plasmon polaritons or plasmons for short, have become an intense area of focus. Plasmons are hybrids of light (photons) and electrons in a metal. If researchers can harness this nanolight, they will be able to improve sensing, subwavelength waveguiding, and optical transmission of signals.

University of Saarland May 23rd, 2018 Communication using quantum states offers ultimate security, because eavesdropping attempts perturb the signal and would therefore not remain undetected. For the same reason, though, long-distance transmission of that information is difficult. In classical telecommunication, the increasing attenuation of the signal is counteracted by measuring, amplifying and re-sending it in so-called repeater stations, but this turns out to be as detrimental to the quantum information as an eavesdropper.

Nanometrics Incorporated May 23rd, 2018 Nanometrics Incorporated (Nasdaq:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced that company management is scheduled to present at the Stifel 2018 Cross Sector Insight Conference.

The Kavli Foundation May 24th, 2018 On May 31, the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters will announce the 2018 Kavli Prize Laureates in Astrophysics, Nanoscience, and Neuroscience. This year marks the 10th anniversary of the prestigious $1 million Kavli Prizes, which recognize scientists for brilliant breakthroughs in our understanding of existence at its biggest, smallest, and most complex scales.

Springer May 24th, 2018 In our bodies, the transfer of genetic information, viral infections and protein trafficking, as well as the synthesis and the degradation of biomolecules, are all phenomena that require the transport of molecules through channels. Improving our control of these channels and the capacity of molecules to get across could have many potential applications in the fields of energy, biotechnology and medicine. These include ultra-fast DNA sequencing, detection of biological markers used in disease diagnostics, protein folding, high-resolution determination of the size of biological molecules or even the control of ion or biomolecule transport through the protein sensor. In a new study published in EPJ E, Manuela Pastoriza-Gallego from the University Paris-Seine, France, and colleagues have shown how to alter external factors, such as external voltage, to control the transport of a dextran sulfate molecule – a polyelectrolyte – through the nanopores of the aerolysin protein channel.

Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences May 24th, 2018 A quantum internet promises completely secure communication. But using quantum bits or qubits to carry information requires a radically new piece of hardware – a quantum memory. This atomic-scale device needs to store quantum information and convert it into light to transmit across the network.

Technical University of Munich (TUM) May 25th, 2018 A research team led by physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed molecular nanoswitches that can be toggled between two structurally different states using an applied voltage. They can serve as the basis for a pioneering class of devices that could replace silicon-based components with organic molecules.

Penn State May 5th, 2018 A team of chemists at Penn State has developed a designer’s toolkit that lets them build various levels of complexity into nanoparticles using a simple, mix-and-match process. “Researchers in areas as diverse as medicine, energy, and electronics often design complex nanoscale particles that are predicted to have useful functions,” said Raymond E. Schaak, DuPont Professor of Materials Chemistry at Penn State and the leader of the research team. “But making them in the laboratory is often the bottleneck. Our strategy can help to streamline this process.” A paper describing the team’s strategy and the large library of particles that they can now make appears May 4, 2018 in the journal Science.

University of Notre Dame May 6th, 2018 The world’s freshwater resources are in short supply. According to the United Nations, water scarcity affects an estimated 1.9 billion people and 2.1 billion people live with drinking water services that are not safely managed. The critical point of water scarcity has led scientists to look for new and efficient ways to make the most of nontraditional sources, including sea water, brackish water and wastewater.

Keystone Nano, Inc. May 7th, 2018 Keystone Nano, Inc. announces that clinical testing of Ceramide NanoLiposome (CNL) has cleared many hurdles and is at an important phase of discovery. CNL has been extremely well tolerated in patients at increasing dose levels and is well tolerated in the first four dose levels tested. Testing at dose level five began April 30, 2018. The total number of escalations included in the trial is six.

Rice University May 8th, 2018 In the wake of its recent discovery of a flat form of gallium, an international team led by scientists from Rice University has created another two-dimensional material that the researchers said could be a game changer for solar fuel generation.

University of Warwick May 8th, 2018 The precision of measuring nanoscopic structures could be substantially improved, thanks to research involving the University of Warwick and QuantIC researchers at the University of Glasgow and Heriot Watt University into optical sensing.

BlueWillow Biologics May 9th, 2018 NanoBio Corporation, a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company, today announced that it has changed its corporate name to BlueWillow Biologics® in conjunction with the closing of a $10 million Series A financing. The company’s new name reflects its evolution to a vaccines-focused company, and commitment to advancing its novel intranasal technology to develop new vaccines for several respiratory and sexually transmitted diseases. The Series A financing round was led by North Coast Technology Investors, Line Moon Ventures and the University of Michigan through its MINTS initiative.

National Space Society May 10th, 2018 “What does a dinner menu look like in space?” asks Bryce Meyer, Cyan React LLC Founder and CEO. “How about beer and burritos? Bloody Marys and fish tacos? Pho? Bread? Donuts? Fried Shrimp? Horchata? Yes, given the right space farm, all these are possible!” Then, says Meyer, there are supersized melons, berries, and low-gravity wine, and coffee. Coffee with its flavor tweaked by controlling carbon dioxide and light.

University of Connecticut May 11th, 2018 Researchers in UConn’s Institute of Materials Science significantly improved the performance of an atomically thin semiconductor material by stretching it, an accomplishment that could prove beneficial to engineers designing the next generation of flexible electronics, nano devices, and optical sensors.

Rice University April 30th, 2018 Rice University scientists are known for exceptional research, but a new paper led by physicist Junichiro Kono makes that point most literally.

Nanometrics Incorporated May 1st, 2018 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced financial results for its first quarter ended March 31, 2018.

newsweek.com May 1st, 2018 She wasn’t aiming to make history. But in the late 1990s, when Sumita Mitra, a chemist at 3M, began to use nanotechnology to improve dental fillings, that’s exactly what happened. Now found in dental offices—and virtually every mouth—her fillings are one of those life-changing innovations we take for granted.

Tomsk Polytechnic University May 1st, 2018 Researchers from Tomsk Polytechnic University (Russia) and Bangor University (UK) have experimentally verified anomalous amplitude apodization for non-spherical particles for the first time. This phenomenon makes it possible to boost the magnifying power of microscopes and to more effectively record molecules and viruses. The study results were reported in Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves.

National Space Society May 2nd, 2018  On March 30th, 2018, NASA delivered to Congress the “International Space Station Transition Report” taking the first step toward a gapless transition from the government owned and operated International Space Station (ISS) to commercial Low Earth Orbit (LEO) space stations. This report was issued in response to a request from Congress in the NASA Transition Authorization Act of 2017. NSS and its partners in the Alliance for Space Development worked hard over the last few years to ensure that this request was included in the Act, and NSS applauds the resulting report.

Lehigh University May 2nd, 2018 The ability to harness light into an intense beam of monochromatic radiation in a laser has revolutionized the way we live and work for more than fifty years. Among its many applications are ultrafast and high-capacity data communications, manufacturing, surgery, barcode scanners, printers, self-driving technology and spectacular laser light displays. Lasers also find a home in atomic and molecular spectroscopy used in various branches of science as well as for the detection and analysis of a wide range of chemicals and biomolecules.

University at Buffalo May 2nd, 2018 The humble glass microscope slide may be primed for a makeover.

Texas A&M University May 3rd, 2018 Engineers from Texas A&M University and Virginia Tech report important new insights into nanoporous gold–a material with growing applications in several areas, including energy storage and biomedical devices–all without stepping into a lab.

Nanobiotix May 3rd, 2018 NANOBIOTIX (Euronext: NANO – ISIN: FR0011341205), a late clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering new approaches to the treatment of cancer, announced today that it is launching a research collaboration with Weill Cornell Medicine to begin nonclinical studies of NBTXR3’s mechanism of action. NBTXR3 is a first-in-class product designed to destroy, when activated by radiotherapy, tumors and metastasis through physical cell death and to induce immunogenic cell death leading to specific activation of the immune system.

University of Michigan May 3rd, 2018 A new, stable artificial photosynthesis device doubles the efficiency of harnessing sunlight to break apart both fresh and salt water, generating hydrogen that can then be used in fuel cells.

Leti May 3rd, 2018 Leti, a research institute at CEA Tech, and Cellmic LLC, a company dedicated to improving patient healthcare with smartphones and biophotonics, today announced that they joined forces to accelerate the market adoption of lens-free imaging and sensing techniques by growing Leti’s patent portfolio with a core patent from Cellmic.

Brookhaven National Laboratory May 4th, 2018 Manipulating the flow of energy through superconductors could radically transform technology, perhaps leading to applications such as ultra-fast, highly efficient quantum computers. But these subtle dynamics—including heat dispersion—play out with absurd speed across dizzying subatomic structures.

University of California, Berkeley March 26th, 2018 UC Berkeley engineers have built a bright-light emitting device that is millimeters wide and fully transparent when turned off. The light emitting material in this device is a monolayer semiconductor, which is just three atoms thick.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign March 27th, 2018 Scientists have built a “computational microscope” that can simulate the atomic and subatomic forces that drive molecular interactions. This tool will streamline efforts to understand the chemistry of life, model large molecular systems and develop new pharmaceutical and industrial agents, the researchers say.

The Hebrew University of Jerusalem March 27th, 2018 Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable our computers–and all optic communication devices–to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips.

University of California, Santa Barbara March 27th, 2018 Much has been made of quantum computing processes using ultracold atoms and ions, superconducting junctions and defects in diamonds, but could we be performing them in our own brains?

Lehigh University March 27th, 2018 Data is only as good as humans’ ability to analyze and make use of it. In materials research, the ability to analyze massive amounts of data–often generated at the nanoscale–in order to compare materials’ properties is key to discovery and to achieving industrial use. Jeffrey M. Rickman, a professor of materials science and physics at Lehigh University, likens this process to candy manufacturing: “If you are looking to create a candy that has, say, the ideal level of sweetness, you have to be able to compare different potential ingredients and their impact on sweetness in order to make the ideal final candy,” says Rickman.

Nagoya University March 27th, 2018 Extraordinary things happen at low temperatures. One of the best examples is surely superconductivity. This phenomenon, wherein the electrical resistance of a solid drops to zero below a critical temperature, has been known for a century, and now has applications in science and industry. Physics and chemistry students can even make their own levitating magnets from superconducting alloys.

Osaka University March 28th, 2018 Often, practical limits control the experimental measurements that can be made, governing the difference between what we expect to be true based on the most likely predictions of models and calculations, and findings that have been supported by testing. A team of researchers has now used the world’s highest intensity neutron beamline facility, at J-PARC in central Japan, to push the limits of sensitivity for the study of gravitational force. The multicenter work probing the nm range was recently published in Physical Review D.

Lomonosov Moscow State University March 29th, 2018 A scientist from the Faculty of Physics, MSU together with Russian and foreign colleagues studied changes in the behavior of electrons in one of the types of dielectrics with high time resolution and witnessed how the material turned into a conductor under the influence of ultra-short laser impulses. The method may be used to study high-speed processes. The theoretical study was published in Nature Photonics journal.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology March 29th, 2018 A new approach to analyzing and designing new ion conductors — a key component of rechargeable batteries — could accelerate the development of high-energy lithium batteries, and possibly other energy storage and delivery devices such as fuel cells, researchers say.

University of Central Florida March 30th, 2018 An international research team, which includes University of Central Florida Professor Enrique del Barco and Christian A. Nijhuis of the National University of Singapore, has found a way to understand and manipulate the transition of charges in molecular junctions.

 

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) April 14th, 2018 Trapping light with an optical version of a whispering gallery, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a nanoscale coating for solar cells that enables them to absorb about 20 percent more sunlight than uncoated devices. The coating, applied with a technique that could be incorporated into manufacturing, opens a new path for developing low-cost, high-efficiency solar cells with abundant, renewable and environmentally friendly materials.

University of Innsbruck April 15th, 2018 Some of the new quantum technologies ranging from extremely precise sensors to universal quantum computers require a large number of quantum bits in order to exploit the advantages of quantum physics. Physicists all over the world are therefore working on implementing entangled systems with more and more quantum bits. The record is currently held by Rainer Blatt’s research group at the Institute of Experimental Physics at the University of Innsbruck. In 2011, the physicists entangled 14 individually addressable quantum bits for the first time and thus realized the largest completely entangled quantum register. Now, a research team led by Ben Lanyon and Rainer Blatt at the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information (IQOQI) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, together with theorists from the University of Ulm and the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, has now realized controlled multi-particle entanglement in a system of 20 quantum bits. The researchers were able to detect genuine multi-particle entanglement between all neighbouring groups of three, four and five quantum bits.

Lifeboat Foundation April 16th, 2018 Teachers in Space, Inc. (TIS), the leading provider of affordable flight experiment opportunities for classrooms, will use a grant from the Lifeboat Foundation to fly three new classroom experiments on the Perlan II stratospheric glider in May.

University of Geneva April 16th, 2018 Predicting the behaviour of electrons in a material is not easily done. Physicists from the University of Geneva (UNIGE), ETH Zurich and EPFL replaced the electrons with ultra-cold neutral lithium atoms that they had circulated in a one-dimensional quantum tube. The scientists were then able to confirm an unusual state of matter that retains its insulation regardless of the level of attraction between the particles. This work, published in PRX, opens the way to the search for new materials with atypical properties.

Rice University April 16th, 2018 A team led by Rice University scientists used a unique combination of techniques to observe, for the first time, a condensed matter phenomenon about which others have only speculated. The research could aid in the development of quantum computers.

EPFL April 17th, 2018 Extreme stresses can be produced in nanoscale structures, a feature which has been used to realize enhanced materials properties, such as the high mobility of silicon in modern transistors. Here we show how nanoscale stress can be used to realize exceptionally low mechanical dissipation, when combined with “soft-clamping” — a form of phononic engineering. Specifically, using a non-uniform phononic crystal pattern, we colocalize the strain and flexural motion of a free-standing Si3N4 nanobeam. Ringdown measurements at room temperature reveal string-like modes with quality (Q) factors as high as 800 million and Q × frequency exceeding 1015 Hz. These results illustrate a promising route for engineering ultra-coherent nanomechanical devices.

HTA April 17th, 2018 The Heterogeneous Technology Alliance (HTA), an association of four major European research institutes in micro- and nanotechnologies – Leti (France), Fraunhofer (Germany), CSEM (Switzerland), and VTT (Finland) – will host its 10th anniversary event in Brussels on April 24.

Nanobiotix April 17th, 2018  NANOBIOTIX (Euronext: NANO – ISIN: FR0011341205), a late clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering new approaches to the local treatment of cancer, today announced that preclinical data evaluating the activation of the cGAS-STING pathway by NBTXR3 has been presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2018 in Chicago, Illinois (April 14-18, 2018).

University of Basel April 18th, 2018 A team including physicists from the University of Basel has succeeded in using atomic force microscopy to clearly obtain images of individual impurity atoms in graphene ribbons. Thanks to the forces measured in the graphene’s two-dimensional carbon lattice, they were able to identify boron and nitrogen for the first time, as the researchers report in the journal Science Advances.

Rice University April 18th, 2018 A dash of salt can simplify the creation of two-dimensional materials, and thanks to Rice University scientists, the reason is becoming clear.

JEOL USA, Inc. April 18th, 2018  World-renowned electron microscopists will join Dr. Xiaoqing Pan, Director of the University of California Irvine Materials Research Institute (IMRI), for the Grand Opening of the JEOL Center for Nanoscale Solutions and a three-day symposium June 6-8, 2018.

Ruhr-Universität Bochum April 19th, 2018 The researchers within the groups of Prof Dr Lars Schäfer and Prof Dr Enrica Bordignon, who work together in the Excellence Cluster Ruhr explores Solvation, Resolv in short, report in the Journal of the American Chemical Society of 16 March 2018.

National University of Science and Technology MISIS April 19th, 2018 An international group of scientists from Russia, the United Kingdom, and Germany have presented an alternative qubit design which can be used to build a quantum computer. Nano-wires made of superconductors are the design’s main elements. In the first experiments, the new superconductor qubit proved to be no worse than the traditional one built on Josephson junctions.

Georgia Institute of Technology April 20th, 2018 A remote command could one day send immune cells on a rampage against a malignant tumor. The ability to mobilize, from outside the body, targeted cancer immunotherapy inside the body has taken a step closer to becoming reality.

NEI Corporation April 9th, 2018 NEI Corporation announced today that it has introduced UV-Protect (UVP) technology to formulate enhanced versions of its popular NANOMYTE® coating products, which offer unique functionalities in coatings with unparalleled durability. The NANOMYTE® line of protective coatings and surface treatments provide tailored functionalities, such as hydrophobicity, superhydrophobicity, oleophobicity, superoleophobicity, self-healing, fog resistance, self-cleaning (or easy-to-clean), scratch resistance, anti-corrosion, and anti-icing. They have found wide applicability in the industrial and automotive markets for their versatility and ability to be applied to a variety of surfaces – including glass, plastic, fiber-composite, metal, and ceramic. UVP technology imparts enhanced protection from the effects of sun and weather exposure to maintain the unique properties of their coating products when subjected to long-term outdoor exposure.

INRS April 10th, 2018 A composite thin film made of two different inorganic oxide materials significantly improves the performance of solar cells, as recently demonstrated by a joint team of researchers led by Professor Federico Rosei at the Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS), and Dr. Riad Nechache from École de technologie supérieure (ÉTS), both in the Montreal Area (Canada).

University of Bath April 10th, 2018 Scientists have created a non-invasive, adhesive patch, which promises the measurement of glucose levels through the skin without a finger-prick blood test, potentially removing the need for millions of diabetics to frequently carry out the painful and unpopular tests.

Elhuyar Fundazioa April 10th, 2018 The results published in Light: Science & Applications open new avenues for fundamental studies of vibrational strong coupling, as well as for the development of novel infrared sensors for chemical recognition of very small amounts of molecules.

Nanometrics Incorporated April 10th, 2018 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, will release its first quarter financial results after market close on May 1, 2018. A conference call to discuss the results will be held at 4:30 PM ET.

University of Bonn April 11th, 2018 Together with colleagues from the USA, scientists from the University of Bonn and the research institute Caesar in Bonn have used nanostructures to construct a tiny machine that constitutes a rotatory motor and can move in a specific direction. The researchers used circular structures from DNA. The results will now be presented in the journal Nature Nanotechnology.

CAP-XX April 11th, 2018 CAP-XX (LSE:CPX), a leader in supercapacitors that deliver peak power to support or replace batteries, today announced it has developed the industry’s first 3V thin, prismatic supercapacitors. The company will deploy its 3V technology first in thin prismatic form to meet demand for small, inexpensive, energy-efficient power solutions for thin wearables, key FOBs and other IoT devices. CAP-XX will then integrate the 3V technology into its larger prismatic supercapacitors, automotive modules and other products for high-energy, high-power applications.

University of Delaware April 12th, 2018 From smartphones to electric vehicles, many of today’s technologies run on lithium ion batteries. That means that consumers have to keep their chargers handy. An iPhone X battery only lasts for 21 hours of talk time, and Tesla’s model S has a 335-mile range — which means you could expect to make it from Newark, Delaware to Providence, Rhode Island, but not all the way to Boston, on one charge.

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. April 12th, 2018 Thermo Fisher Scientific, the world leader in serving science, today announced the Thermo Scientific Krios G3i cryo-electron microscope (cryo-EM) received a 2018 Edison Awards gold medal. The Edison Awards, named after Thomas Alva Edison, recognize and honor the world’s best innovators and innovations.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) April 12th, 2018 Imagine a single particle, only one-tenth the diameter of a bacterium, whose miniscule jiggles induce sustained vibrations in an entire mechanical device some 50 times larger. By taking clever advantage of the interplay between light, electrons on the surface of metals, and heat, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have for the first time created a plasmomechanical oscillator (PMO), so named because it tightly couples plasmons–the collective oscillations of electrons at the surface of a metal nanoparticle–to the mechanical vibrations of the much larger device it’s embedded in.

Northwestern University April 13th, 2018 If you combine two or three metals together, you will get an alloy that usually looks and acts like a metal, with its atoms arranged in rigid geometric patterns.